By Dr. Abasher Elhaj
The saying of Imam Ghazali “He who is not blessed by the spring and its flowers and the lute and its strings, then he is corrupt in mood and has no remedy” summarized the work of the brush in the previous article. We have failed to address the problem of our country since independence due to our lack of interest in collecting folklore, with which Europe transmitted Greek and Arabic knowledge to reach its zenith during the period of the first revival in the Renaissance, Dr. Fahim Hussein, The Story of Anthropology, Cairo 1986. Therefore, our behaviors, thoughts and concepts have not changed, and it is impossible for us to do any Systematic or civilized work like a charm in the absence of ‘guidance’, as guidance is the driving force because it is the preamble, and it must be accompanied by compatibility in setting off, this the function of spirit, morals, and social norms; then comes the mutual goals which base on people’s harmony and their relationships to know their destination.
Our civilized situation is just a mere dog’s dinner and can’t be reformed unless we look at that homeless child who is lying on the side of the street on the basis that he is the cornerstone of a nation building, i.e., we must reform the human being first in order to achieve a civilized reform. Sudanese political parties are so many, the jellyfish and the well-established ones; which party originally considers Man in its program?! Personally, I do not experience politics, and my relationship with it is just like the relationship of Sudanese Muslim Brotherhood to Islam, but I reckon that these parties must undertake a process of guidance and reform for their affiliates and to work as a brush that paints the entire political theory in various colors.
The process of directing and reforming the human being needs three principles, which are guiding culture, guiding work and guiding capital. This article is primarily limited to directing culture because it is the principle that the country’s politicians have neglected since independence.
Culture is the spiritual framework in which an individual nourishes and acquires, from the group to which he belongs to, the psychological, mental, spiritual, moral and social characteristics. The culture of any society consists of four principles. The first is the moral principle. If culture is the field in which a person is brought up, then how about a person whose chest was perched on by a three-decade epoch of an Islamist swarm, which set the flames of oppression and empowerment in its vast horizons, and came to him from unknown trenches, as if they were the mounds of bones in which flesh had been raised and tyranny spread to his heart and veins, it began to grind everyone who opposed it with morals or not? Of course, these conditions created a sick human being full of psychological complexes and social diseases. I was expecting from Dec. Revolution mass media to contribute to building the civilized behavior of the human being in this country by deducting a quarter of a minute from its broadcast by displaying promotional behavioral advertisements, such as instilling the value of hygiene, for example. But it seems that instead of being a reflection of culture, it has become framed by it, whereby culture has become a mass culture instead of being a popular culture, which is produced through movement within society. Society and people are the ones who follow the different and varied products (the function of the brush), while the mass culture is different, according to the notion of the Frankfurt School, where the audience becomes the recipient, and it goes where its users and manufacturers or the falsifiers of consciousness wish it to proceed. Observing the state of the revolution’s media, from a media point of view, one finds that falsifiers of awareness stifle the individual in the role of unnecessary, endless and escalating desire, that’s to say, the media have even affected the psychological state of the recipient and changed even their psychology.
The second of these principles is the aesthetic taste, or the balanced aesthetic image that a person achieves aesthetically in life. And by taking a cursory look at the state of the streets of the capital of Sudan, it is clear that the goal of those who ruled this enraged country was imperial psychosis and enslavement of humans. As if the role of this goal was to legislate the rules, measures, and weights with which we set up rubbish in every main street. The rule says that any clean society reflects a sophisticated civilized behavior, and in contrast, any filthy society, a society that is entrenched under its worn-out clothes, cannot radiate civilized values to the world. By analogy with that, since we are a dirty society, we can only soliloquize ourselves that we are dead, because a clean society can say that I am civilized. This is because beauty is a reflection of morality.
The third principle is the practical principle which is the transition from literal culture, not down in the doldrums society which snips tea in the streets all day long, to a society that works its finger to the bone, you can also call this principle the principle of ‘effectiveness’ within the limits of the available possibilities. Industry is the last constituent principle of culture. It is the epitome of guiding culture. We should first create an individual with morals, an aesthetic and a practical sense. If the production of this model is correct from the human being (a human being for the sake of the wholesome is the outcome of the individual for all and all for the individual), he will reform what his hands produce.
Our politicians have committed atrocity crime against this country to advance it for neglecting that brush, and with it we will not walk towards civilization anarchically. Proceeding without it motivates an authoritarian ruler, or his metamorphose to use it or to attend another coming “Friendship Hall Festival” to celebrate a signing of other terms of the devil that was killed by the Decembrists. I wish they knew a little about the metaphysics that says if the devil embodied in the form of a tree and burned by humans, this tree will be burned in the realm of heaven. With this brush, our course will be scientific and rational to see that civilization is not fabricated or wonderful appearances, but rather a substance in which all its components, such as ideas, spirit and manifestations are organized. Deciphering this brush would remove the contradictions and paradoxes prevalent in our society today. I think those who compete to rule the country have to plan for a comprehensive culture that embodies the poor and the rich, the ignorant and the erudite, so that the souls can stablize and harmonize with their societies and then their sustainable constitution, which will have settled into its new permanent balance. The center of this balance was expressed by Hassan Al-Attar, the Sheikh of Al-Azhar, when he said, “He who is not affected by strings, the rustle of flowers, and delicate poetry, has a coarse nature as a donkey”. So, how many tyrannical rulers of our country are destined for imbalance!